Pregnancy discrimination involves treating women (applicants or employees) unfavorably on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related conditions. Pregnancy discrimination can include all of the following actions by an employer:
- Refusing to hire a pregnant applicant;
- Firing or demoting a pregnant employee;
- Denying the same or a similar job to a pregnant employee when she returns from a pregnancy-related leave;
- Treating a pregnant employee differently than other temporarily disabled employees; or
- Failing to grant a male employee health insurance coverage for his wife’s pregnancy-related conditions if a female employee’s husband has comprehensive health insurance coverage through the same company plan.
Under the law, a pregnancy-related condition may be considered a temporary disability, this may include severe morning sickness, doctor-ordered bed rest, childbirth, recovery from childbirth, and any other medical conditions. Your employer must, therefore, give pregnant employees the same treatment and benefits that it gives to employees with other temporary disabilities.